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LoRaWAN (IoT transmission).

LoRa(Long Range) is one of the efficient wireless communication systems with a sizable range and reduced power consumption that can transmit small amounts of data over long distances. These two key features make it an attractive solution for use in IoT devices.

LoRaWAN - what is it?

LoRaWAN(Long Range Wide Area Network) is a protocol that is based on the modulation of the LoRa system developed by the company Semtech Corporation (owner of 5G private network manufacturer Sierra Wireless ). It is a software layer that determines how devices use the equipment, that is, when they transmit data and in what format.

LoRaWAN Features

The most important features of LoRaWAN are long range in communication and relatively low power consumption. These properties make LoRa systems ideal solutions for industrial and urban IoT applications. In addition, they make it possible to overcome many of the new challenges that exist in rural and urban areas, such as those related to pollution, global warming or natural disasters that occur, with near real-time measurements of environmental data, for example.

Another important feature of LoRa technology is its openness. The user has many choices on how he wants to deploy this system in his infrastructure, the network can be completely owned by the customer, allowing no fixed costs and the highest level of security, but the customer will be burdened with servicing the devices himself. It is also possible to build such a network in a subscription model, using the tools of a specific manufacturer or a dedicated solution from one of the implementation companies.

What is also important is that all lora-wan devices are able to communicate with each other. If we have devices from two different manufacturers, all we need is to download the appropriate decoder provided by the manufacturer and upload it to our Network Server. This allows any mixing of equipment developed by hundreds of manufacturers.

The possibilities are virtually endless, and our specialists are ready to suggest which solution is best suited to each case.  

Application of LoRaWAN systems

Because of its simplicity, LoRaWAN is widely used in transportation, agriculture and manufacturing. It is the best solution for industrial applications that transmit small amounts of data at low speeds. Data can be transmitted over a much longer distance than with other wireless technologies such as Wi-Fi or Bluetooth. This makes devices using LoRa ideal for transmitting sensor data, in low-power modes.

LoRaWAN technology and the systems using it are suitable for applications that require monitoring of operating parameters, using a variety of specialized sensors. Applications cover a wide spectrum, including collecting values from meters, intelligent control of lighting, notification of situations requiring intervention, etc. Stovaris offers solutions dedicated to specific applications where LoRaWAN technology works best. Especially if they require the placement of sensors in remote rooms, halls or facilities.

LoRaWAN network architecture

A LoRaWAN network consists of several components:

  • End devices - IoT sensors are an essential tool for organizations. They can provide you with information that was previously unavailable. With IoT sensors, you can monitor, catalog, and optimize a wide range of environmental elements and characteristics for the best possible business performance.

  • Gateways - Devices responsible for communication with end devices. It is through them that the LoRaWAN signal is propagated, and most often the quality and range of the LoRaWAN network built depends on how they are installed and the quality of the devices. One gateway can be used to connect up to thousands of end devices.

  • Network Server - The server provides downlink traffic control based on RF information and provides an uplink interface to the network application layer, providing users with visibility into their data and enabling them to make appropriate decisions. The server provides scalability, security and reliable data routing. It can be erected in the cloud or on customer infrastructure, or even be embedded in the LoRaWAN gateway itself. The things network platform, for example, is one of the most popular options for deploying lorawan in Europe.

  • Application - Apps allow you to organize all the IoT devices you have in one place. Most of our apps offer the ability to add different types of IoT technologies and filter them by purpose, category or use case. They can help you set up logic for IoT devices and program smart alarms. 

Operation of the lora gate

Communication takes place over an open radio frequency (Within the European Union it is 868Mhz), using a small amount of bandwidth. The maximum frame size transmitted via LoRe is 243 bytes, which is, however, completely sufficient for data packets supported by this technology. The transmission speed, on the other hand, is higher than in competing technologies: for example, Sigfox.

    How many LoRaWAN gateways are needed to build a network?

    Determining the number of gates depends on factors such as coverage requirements, equipment density and environmental conditions. Conducting a site survey and taking into account factors such as topography, buildings and obstacles helps plan gate placement.

    LoRa network planning tools are available to simulate coverage and estimate the number of gateways needed based on specific project requirements.

    How many sensors can be connected to one LoRaWAN gateway?

    The number of devices that can be connected to a LoRaWAN gateway is influenced by factors such as network architecture, data rate and device density.

    Typically, a single gateway can support thousands or even tens of thousands of devices, but the exact capacity depends on the specific deployment scenario. Proper network planning, taking into account factors such as duty cycle, is key to ensuring optimal device connectivity.

    LoRaWAN starter kits

    LoRaWAN (LPWAN) technologies are quite complex and can be challenging for customers who have never done a deployment of this type of solution. When installing, you not only need to set up a secure and reliable wireless network connection of the end device's routers and industrial gateways, but also connect them to the sensors and make the whole thing available as part of our network. For a comprehensive solution, you also need to connect the solution via IT networks to your IoT platform locally or in the cloud.

    Stovaris, aiming to simplify the construction of an end-to-end IoT, IoMT and IIoT solution in a LoRaWAN network, offers special LoRaWAN Box starter kits under the Vispena brand. As part of our kits, we offer the following products:

    With these starter kits, engineers/implementers, can quickly familiarize themselves with the various components of the kit and the steps in the implementation process, while having the confidence to deploy the product quickly. As a result, a non-expert can quickly create a complete working LoRaWAN solution for the Internet of Things.

    Cooperation with a value-added distributor - Stovaris

    The warranty is carried out in Poland, and Stovaris guarantees fast shipment of equipment after the customer places an order. For more demanding customers, Stovaris offers assistance in preparing a turnkey solution design.

    Our specialists are at your service and will be happy to help you with initial project evaluation and selection of the right product, doing coverage field tests, etc. For our partners who are already designing networks with Internet of Things (IoT/IIoT) sensors, we offer the use of the LoRaWAN protocol, which supports access to unlicensed radio frequencies, with a range of up to 15 kilometers, low power consumption using batteries, transmission security and scalability, and reliable connectivity.

    This group of products is based on the companies' solutions:

    Actility | Advantech | Digi | Milesight | Opengear | Paessler | Semtech | TEKTELIC

    Contact Person:

    Przemyslaw Prochera

    Business Development Manager
    tel. +48 668 157 173

    Hubert Jaworski

    Product Manager
    IoT & Industry 4.0 Solutions
    tel. +48 609 104 305